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Information  »  Nepal Travel Information

Nepal was built from amalgamation of small principalities in 1768 under King Prithvi Narayan Shah.It was a buffer state.between the British Empire and territories to the north. Although, the country became independent in 1923,but it was not until 1947 (the year of Indian independence)and total withdrawal of the British before Nepal achieved complete autonomy.A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768,when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms.However.a decade-long People's Revolution by led by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) along with several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal in 2006, culminated in a peace accord and the ensuing elections for the constituent assembly voted overwhelmingly in favor of the abdication of the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah. Thus, in May 2008,the monarchy was abolished making Nepal the world's newest republic.The country became a Federal Democratic Republic on 28th May 2008.

Nepal is a country with highly diverse and rich geography,culture, and religions. The mountainous north is home to the eight of the world's ten highest mountains peaks,including the ighest,Sagarmatha,known in English as the Mount Everest.Apart from this the region contains over 240 peaks with their heights reaching as high as 20,000 ft (6,096 metres) above sea level. The southern region is enjoys a humid climate and is fertile and is heavily urbanized.. Majority of the people practise Hinduism; Buddhism, though a minority faith is linked historically with the country as the birthplace of Lord Buddha.

Nepal at a Glance:

Location: Situated between India and Tibet, an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.

Area: 147,181 Sq.Km.

Capital: Kathmandu

People: 70 ethnic group and over 100 spoken languages

Population: 2 million

Topography: From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point on earth 'Mt.Everest'SAGARMATHA,

Vegetation: Nepal possesses wide range of vegetation due to its unique topographical variations

Weather: From tropical in the lowlands to alpine in higher altitudes.

Seasons: Winter (December- February), Spring (March-May) Summer (June-August), Autumn (September-November)

Monsoon: Mostly rains day and night, making the following days clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans Himalayan Zone is rain-shadowed area and ideal for trekking.


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